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Basic knowledge of cloth

2014/10/14

 

The characteristics of I, the cloth fabric -- each has its characteristics, which is its own conditions and performance.

And the material characteristics can be divided into raw fiber raw material, texture, texture, weight, feel, finishing wearing and cleaning performance etc..

Simple explanation of fabric weave, texture, weight, wear performance.

1, including: fabric weave knit and woven, our clothing with the vast majority of woven fabric, woven fabric are the most common plain weave, twill, refers to the cloth body structure systematically interlaced yarn, the relationship of the fabric texture, weight and feel.

2, the texture: each kind of material are organized structure itself, as a result of the material and texture of different, have different touch / visual effect. Such as: smooth and glossy cotton, soft light yarn material etc.. A piece of the original Cosplay clothes very pay attention to texture, to be careful when choosing the cloth so oh, it is best to discuss with the material cutting method and tailor.

3 weight: the weight, fabric (usually refers to the G/M, how many grams per meter). This goes without saying it, to elegant point effect will pick lighter cloth, and vice versa. For example, outer installed jacket, skirt, pants and other multi use heavier body fabric, and the shirt with lighter fabrics, in addition, the cloth and the season also has close relation to the autumn and winter, basically will be used more heavy cloth, basically be in spring and summer and lighter cloth.

4, wearing and cleaning performance: wear clothes if performance is durable, can wash clothes cleaning performance refers to the variable or the need to hand wash or dry clean. This is for everyday wear clothes is very important, but Cosplay's clothes, on the whole is negligible. Sometimes in order to achieve the original effect of BT requires the use of very troublesome cloth, plus the clothes is not often wear, convenient performance will sacrifice wearing and cleaning.

The classification of II, cloth

The cloth is actually more than one meaning, in accordance with the cloth material for words called textile fiber.

Although a variety of textile fibers, but basically can be divided into natural fiber and chemical fiber two categories:

It refers to some natural fibers in nature, or from cultured animal directly obtain textile fiber.

* chemical fiber is made of natural or synthetic polymers as raw materials, textile fibers through a certain method produced.

* artificial fiber refers to the natural polymers (such as wood, sugarcane bagasse or animal fiber) as raw material, by fibre spinning surface processing.

* synthetic fiber is to oil, coal, natural gas and other agricultural and sideline products as raw materials, the synthesis of polymer giant spinning fiber.

A, natural fiber properties

(a), of cotton

1, strong moisture absorption, comfortable to wear, easy to stain, is easy to shrink.

2, acid and alkali resistant cotton, mercerized cotton fabric is processed after caustic soda.

3, cotton fiber more heat, but not suitable for processing long time in more than 100 degrees, such as ironing temperature at 190 degrees, cotton fabric ironing is best when wet, conducive to ironing.

4, the cotton fiber is soft and weak difference, fabric handle, comfortable wearing, washing, but easy to wrinkle, suitable for various kinds of clothing and bedding of four seasons.

(two), Ma

A lot of flax varieties, ramie, flax, jute, hemp, when; secret more in the fabric used in front of the first two. Some of the same properties of flax and cotton.

1, strong moisture absorption, alkaline not acid.

2, heat resistance is also good, ironing temperature can reach 190 degrees, 210 degrees, easy combustion.

3, strength is higher than that of cotton, hemp fiber is hard, the weak difference, fabric crease, than cotton fabric, hard, very cool. The so-called grass is southerners love to wear the ramie fabric, after sweating not next to the skin.

Ramie is fiber, flax fiber in the best quality with cool, moisture absorption, ventilation and other characteristics, but also higher stiffness, hard and straight, not next to the skin, suitable for the production of summer clothing. Ramie and polyester blended prepared "Ma Dacron", has a very cool style.

(three), hair

Wool fiber textile with the largest amount of wool, commonly known as wool.

Wool fiber than cotton fiber thick long, have certain curl, the surface layer of the lamella cover. Because of the existence of wool scales, to bring a special property, namely the felting. Felting is refers to the wool to knead in warm water and washing liquid, mutual occlusion properties of felting. Cause hair products after washing shrinkage in life, density change, milling is one of the reasons, if the scale damage, make its performance is smooth, does not occur fulling wool products. Therefore, the market for sale of machine washable wool sweater, after the surface treatment.

Use less, slightly.

(four), silk

Natural silk is divided into silk and tussah silk, silk is the main varieties of mulberry silk, tussah silk; son of wild silk. Silk strength, fiber slender, soft and smooth, weak than cellulose fiber, unique luster. Silk fabric that is tired thin yarn, but also can make its full ahead as you, is the clothing material with high sewing, belonging to the same protein fiber and wool.

Unless they are very willing to COS, or rarely used so exaggerated expensive fiber. Slightly.

Two properties, chemical fiber

L as a clothing material is mainly the seven Lun, their common characteristics are as follows:

A generally low hygroscopicity than natural fibers, with electrostatic easy friction, easy to dust.

Most B high strength, good elasticity, wear long easy to pilling.

C combustion are firstly softening shrinking, some can melt, producing dripping brushed, smelly, ironing temperature lower than that of natural fiber.

D heat setting better, due to their hygroscopic

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